VacHunter Gallery - Sweepers
Mechanical sweepers were the next improvement in floor cleaning after the broom and dust pan. The latter combination would move dirt around the floor and stir up dust as it was corralled into the pan. But the carpet sweeper would capture and store the dust in a tray concealed inside its body.
One of the earliest carpet sweepers is the Union Sweeper patented in 1858. It used geared wheels on one side of its body to turn the brush roller. There were no wheels on the other side of the box.
Another type of mechanical cleaner was called the Sweeping Box. It did
not have any wheels. The elongated sides of the dust collection box
served as sled runners to allow it to glide along the floor. This
machine utilized a hand crank and belt to turn a small pulley at the bottom
of the machine that was connected to the brush. Of course, several
A third design evolved that continues to coexist with vacuum cleaners
today. Two sets of wheels under the sweeper came into contact with the
brush roller and turned it by friction as the sweeper was pushed back and
forth across the floor. Light and easy to use, the sweeper was most
effective on hard surfaces. Only surface litter would be collected from
short pile carpeting. The Bissell Co. has promoted this type of sweeper
since the late 1800's and continues to sell it in today's market.
The final step in the evolution of mechanical carpet sweepers came when the
element of suction was introduced into their design. To accomplish
this, an extra set of wheels was added to the rear of the body. These
wheels powered two or three bellows which, in turn, pulled air in through a
front mounted nozzle. The original wheels still turned the brush as the
machine was propelled acoss the floor. This hybrid became known as the
Combination Sweeper or the Vacuum Sweeper. It worked best when it was
pushed rapidly in a back and forth motion, but never could develop enough
power to do a thorough cleaning job. It also was heavier and bulkier
than a regular carpet sweeper.
Early Carpet Cleaning
Non Electric Vacuums
Early Electric Vacuums